官方APP下载:iOS版(支持iPhone/iPad/iTouch)安卓版(要求Anroid 4.0以上系统)Windows Phone版(要求8.0以上系统)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
UNSV钱柜娱乐qg999学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
手机微信学钱柜娱乐qg999
打开手机微信,扫描以下二维码,即可通过我们的公众微信平台学钱柜娱乐qg999。
UNSV钱柜娱乐qg999学习频道公众微信服务号
UNSV钱柜娱乐qg999学习频道淘宝网店
淘宝网店购买咨询
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
标准VIP会员
全站资料无限下载、手机APP免费使用。
¥598元/12个月
钱柜娱乐qg999口语慢成班
承诺三年拿下口语!
¥4990元/终身
分享到:

Build Muscle Memory to Improve Your Pronunciation 钱柜娱乐qg999学习指南:通过建立肌肉记忆改善发音

阅读次数:

VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
* 2015年10月1日起,网站不再提供免费下载服务,详情请看站长公开信:坚持12年之后的一个艰难决定
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP4节目视频 MP4节目视频  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕 
文章正文
同步字幕

What is your first memory of riding a bicycle?

Was it easy, difficult, or somewhere in between?

In the beginning, you may have wondered if you would ever be able to ride a bicycle at all. Then suddenly one day, you could ride without help from anyone.

Doing a physical activity easily, without thinking, uses an ability we call 'muscle memory.'

When you repeat a physical action many times, your brain develops permanent memory for how to do it.

There are many examples, such as walking, swimming, dancing, driving a car, playing a musical instrument and speaking your native language.

Elizabeth Marner-Brooks says your muscles can help you remember how to pronounce words.

For nearly 30 years, she has taught English language classes at The New School and other universities in New York City. Pronunciation is one of her areas of expertise.

At the start of her pronunciation courses, Marner-Brooks asks her students how often they practice their pronunciation skills. The usual answer is 'once or twice a week.' Then, she asks how long they think it would take a baby to learn to walk if they only tried that often. She hopes this discussion helps them see the connection between speaking and the memory we build into our muscles.

Marner-Brooks recently spoke to VOA Learning English on Skype.

'It's using the muscles. You have to give yourself permission because human nature dictates that we're going to be spurred on to doing things once we find results. But, we get the results by doing it. And, you can get results very quickly - very quickly - if you just do it.'

Right now, the muscles in your mouth, lips and tongue may feel strange as they try to make the shapes to produce the sounds of English words. This can require a lot of effort.

But, Marner-Brooks notes that the muscles will soon remember how to produce the correct sounds with little or no effort.

She works with her students to make consonant and vowel sounds. She also teaches them the use of stress and pitch, two other important elements of English pronunciation.

Many English learners have told Marner-Brooks that other teachers only asked them to repeat English words. They did not teach how to produce the sounds.

'One person said, 'Well, nobody ever showed me that my tongue goes up for a d and presses. Nobody ever showed me that. They would just do it and I had to copy it.''

Unlike many languages, English has 16 different vowel sounds. So building memory for the correct tongue position is especially important, she notes.

For vowels, she explains that the sounds have a natural progression, from the highest position of the tongue to the flattest position.

So, for example, for a long 'e' sound, the tongue is high up in the mouth 'like a camel's back,' she says. For a shorter vowel sound, the tongue is in the middle of the mouth. And, for the shortest, the tongue is flat.

Try the sounds that Marner-Brooks pronounces to feel it for yourself.

'So, /hi/ as in he, she, we and /hI/ as in him, women and /hɛ/ as in help, bread, head'.'

She adds that speaking is a creative action – we are creating sounds as we speak. A common misunderstanding people have about learning language is that it is only an intellectual action.

'And when we're dealing with speech – with making the sounds – we're dealing with the creative side of the brain, not the intelligent, thinking side.'

To help build your muscle memory, Marner-Brooks says you can use pronunciation videos on the Internet. She suggests English learners avoid using the Internet to simply repeat words they hear.

Instead, find short American English pronunciation guides on web sites like YouTube. Specifically, look for videos that demonstrate things like vowel and consonant muscle training.

Marner-Brooks suggests students do vowel and consonant pronunciation exercises for 3-5 minutes four times each day. And, use a mirror to observe yourself as you practice the sounds.

If these exercises feel foolish or strange, she has these final thoughts:

'What I suggest is for you to be comfortable, take the risks, and enjoy speaking the language. That's the goal.'

I'm Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Words in This Story

pronounce v. to use the mouth and other organs of speech to say words correctly

practicev. to do something again and again in order to become better at it

spurv. to motivate someone to do something

consonant n. a speech sound (such as /p/, /d/, or /s/) that is made by partly or completely stopping the flow of air breathed out from the mouth

voweln. a speech sound made with your mouth open and your tongue in the middle of your mouth, not touching one’s teeth or lips

stressn. greater loudness or force given to part of a word when speaking or to a beat in music

pitchn. the rise and fall of your voice when you speak

camel – n. a large animal of Africa and Asia that has a long neck and one or two large humps on its back

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2015 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 中国互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
广播台